POC – People of color, everybody except caucasians
LGBT in the Modern Day
- Often the statistics of modern day attitude towards homosexuality is used in debates where Colonialism is accused of instilling homophobia in the communities.
- And, this kind of debate is often shunned for it’s leftist inclinations and going against neo liberalism.
- Many observers have pointed out several instances which could have led to homophobia in the races e.g. Uganda’s ‘Kill the Gays’ movement after Scott Lively’s visit.
- More on Ugandan’s Kill the Gays movement
- It is true that homophobic history does not necessarily create a homophobic destiny, but the former subjects of Colonialism are still stuck with laws that date directly back to British rule, rendered unable to take the most basic step i.e. decriminalizing homosexuality.
- Example: Indians are still playing cricket and Indian Supreme court has re-criminalized homosexuality.
The Guardian – Africa: homophobia is a legacy of colonialism
- Most Africans don’t recognize homophobia as a colonial legacy
- Before colonialism, many traditional cultures were tolerant of different sexualities and gender relations.
- E.g. In the Ganda or Baganda Tribe, (Uganda’s largest ethnic group) women from the royal clan are addressed with male titles and may or may not be required to perform duties expected of women.
Role of Christianity
- Tribal Chiefs and Village Courts of law were traditionally the hallmark of conflict resolution.
- But those were traded for a European Penal Code system post colonialism, which included the criminalization of homosexuality.
- Sodomy laws would not have impacted African sexual politics without the influence of Christianity.
- Christianity was used to whitewash African culture as primitive and to demonize traditional interpretations of African intimacies.
- The bible became the credo of African morality, disordering African sexuality to missionary positions of heteronormativity (ie. the idea that heterosexuality is the only ‘natural’ sexual orientation).
Islam and Homophobia
- Homophobia among religious extremist bodies like ISIS are attributed to their extreme religious beliefs.
- But homoerotic themes and pederasty could be found in many poetry and other literature written by Muslims presented in positive light belonging to the medieval period (5th to the 15th century).
- Modern Day
Modern Day Islam
- The modern Islamic law criminalizes homosexuality but the punishment is not part of the rule book, and it is usually left to the discretion of the local authorities on Islam, unlike